It goes without doubt that modern sports provide avenues for athletes to amass tremendous amount of wealth. With such colossal amount of money and fame at stake, there is a possibility that anyone would be tempted to cross the line and as such necessary for the implementation of stringent anti-doping procedures.
Golfers, like other athletes, therefore should be subjected to such scrutiny. However, there is a question of the impact of drug testing on golfers. Is it even necessary? And if so, what are the implications on the performance of the golfers?
These are the fundamental questions that the Professional Golfers Association (PGA) are trying to unearth. This paper will highlight some of the reasons why drug testing is not important to golfers.
Golf Requires Skills Not Energy-
The Professional Golfers Association Tour book prohibits the use of recreational drugs and alcohol. Alcohol is considered because of its influence on the players’ conduct. The tenets of golf are not about the power but rather feel and touch.
This implies that the nature of the sport does not necessitate energy but rather skill and judgment. Retief Gossen, the US Open champion, said “I don’t know if somebody took steroids how that would affect the game. I don’t think golf is that much a power sport as it is in other sports, like athletics or things like that, where there is such a small margin between the athletes.”
The nature of the sport itself discourages the use of enhancement drugs thereby limiting the need for drug testing on golfers.
Golf Is Honorary Not Materialistic-
As opposed to other sports, Golf is founded on honor rather than material gains. Anything honorable should, therefore, be conducted with integrity and sanity. Golfers are unlikely to be persuaded to use drugs hence there is no need to waste time and resources looking for such drugs by administering drug tests to the athletes.
The pressures of ensuring that athletes remain true and clean should not be a reason to blindly subject golfers to drug tests. PGA Tour commissioner Tim Finchem supports this position by saying, “”Some say we ought to test for drugs because all sports test and you want to know you’re clean, in a vacuum, I see how you can make that argument. But honestly … I don’t know what we’d be testing for”.
Therefore, drug testing should only be administered where necessary rather than as ritual or coronation. Due to the honor accorded to the game, it is upon individual players to maintain higher levels of integrity in the sport since there exists no honor in cheating.
In conclusion, Golf is a sport that is built upon a culture of strict adherence to existing rules. It is a culture that has been nurtured for many years and has served the game well. Drug testing, therefore, would be an insult to the sort of cultural value system. These values make golfers less prone to temptations of drug abuse as compared to other sports. All these factors challenge the concept of subjecting golfers to drug tests thus making the process unnecessary.
Wondering what is the difference between using legal versus illegal steroids? Before we get started on discussing just what steroids are really about, it is important to address the issues that come with it.
Most athletes will tell you that to win in the competition you must stand out from the crowd. Aside from personal accomplishments, athletes fall into the plague of using performance-enhancement pills, aka doping, without understanding the actual risks.
In this guide, we will discuss the comparison between the potential benefits, health risks, and many unknown facts about these steroids. Learn how these drugs work and how they will affect your health and quality of life.
What are steroids?
According to the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, steroids are a chemical name that is used for any substance with a characteristic chemical structure that consists of chemical rings with connected atoms. However, for bodybuilders, steroids are substances that are used to boost the strength and enhance their overall performance in training.
There are two types of steroids: legal ones include corticosteroids, which are used to treat arthritis and other conditions and illegal ones, which are used for synthetic substances related to androgens, also known as male sex hormones.
Athletes opt to use some form of steroids as a method to increase their muscle mass and strength. The main hormone found in anabolic steroids is testosterone that is produced by the body.
Testosterone plays two roles in the body which the anabolic effects and the androgenic effects. The anabolic effects help to promote muscle growth, while the androgenic effects are responsible for developing masculine traits such as a deeper voice and facial hair.
Legal versus Illegal Steroids
Corticosteroids are known as a type of medication that can play a vital role in inflammation in the body. It is commonly used for medical conditions that cause inflammation such as bursitis, tendonitis, and arthritis.
Systemic steroids are used for conditions such as multiple sclerosis, asthma, lupus, allergies, and other health problems. These options are legally prescribed by physicians as a form of medication. Corticosteroids work to block the production of triggered substances like inflammation and allergies on the immune system.
When you use legal steroids for bodybuilding and sports training, you can increase the quality of muscle through strength, size, and endurance. Legal steroids will also be able to help you improve your recovery period during each work out as well as boost energy, increase oxidation of fat tissues, and boost weight loss.
The main reason why legal steroids are available is that they are generally made from natural ingredients. While they may differ per product, many include blends of plant extracts, amino acids, and vitamins.
Another reason why legal steroids are available is the consumption in capsular form. Illegal steroids are highly associated with the use of injections and needles. Therefore, legal steroids can still reap the benefits of fat-burn and muscle-growth without the use of dangerous injections.
While they have various benefits, the side effects that accompany these medications should not be ignored. Such side effects include facial rashes, stomach ulcers, high blood sugar, high blood pressure, tendon rupture, and acne.
The main difference between legal and illegal steroids is the purpose of the medicine. Anabolic steroids are prescribed by doctors who aim to treat delayed signs of puberty or impotence. This is because anabolic steroids promote skeletal muscle growth and male sexual characteristics.
Today, they are commonly used in sports by excellent athletes to better enhance their performance, physical appearance, and competitive nature.
To stimulate testosterone, anabolic steroids are used to improve physical appearance, muscle mass, build endurance, gain strength, longer stamina in training, boost performance in sports, and quick recovery.
Other medical benefits include their use in replacement therapy for men whose testicles fail to produce enough testosterone in the body. HIV patients and cancer patients are also given anabolic steroids to increase their appetite, gain muscle mass, and enhance their overall well-being.
It is important to consider the side effects of both departments. With the use of illegal steroids, you can be at risk of liver damage, increased erectile dysfunction cardiovascular system damage, and impotence.
Many athletes who choose to take anabolic steroids are at a higher risk than those who prescribe steroids for medical reasons. The side effects may cause men to develop prominent breasts, reduction in testicle size, infertility, baldness, Prostate gland enlargement, and impotence.
Women who choose to take anabolic steroids may also develop a deeper, masculine voice, enlarged clitoris, baldness, and increase in body hair, absent or infrequent menstruation.
Both genders will also be at risk of severe acne, liver tumors and abnormalities, decreased HDL cholesterol, increase in LDL cholesterol, cardiovascular problems, psychiatric disorders, rage issues, and poor growth and development.
Bottom line: anabolic steroid use may cause serious damage to your health as they can affect various organs and systems. Anabolic steroids must be used solely for medicinal purposes and supervision of your physician.
Which one will you choose?
There are plenty of things that are still unclear in regards to the use of newbie gym trainers and serious body builders. While illegal steroids have gained a poor reputation, there is a reason why many people still use them. The goals of using best muscle building supplements are based on improving the physique rather than the abuse.
However, gaining access to anabolic steroids are still quite the challenges as most of them are control substances. If you are serious about using anabolic steroids, choose legal steroids that can be legally bought and safe to use.
Now that you know all the benefits of risks of legal and illegal steroids, we suggest that you consider what will work best for your health rather than what will give you the quickest route to muscle gain. The best steroids do not have to cost you a fortune or endanger your quality of life.
Companies across the nation are aware of how important a pre-employment examination for drug testing is. The procedure is to ensure that new hires are not using illegal drugs, especially in the workplace.
There are various drug tests that are utilized by employers, such as a mouth swab drug test, urine drug test, hair drug test, and a blood drug test. These types of tests will vary as each employer chooses a particular test based on their needs in the workplace.
Whether you are a small business or large, it is important to set up an employee drug-testing policy. According to the National Drug-Free Workplace Alliance, small businesses are at greater risk of substance users as drug users don’t apply for work at large brands.
Instead, drug abusers look for employment in smaller companies with fewer resources and policies. If you are considering drug tests in your workplace, there are a few things you should know.
Here are 5 things you should understand about drug testing in the workplace.
Test One, Test All
While the law does not specifically say that drug tests must test their employees, you may put your business at risk of anti-discrimination if you don’t. If you test only employees that are suspected of drug use, one might assume that the process is singling out people based on levels of race, income, gender, etc.
Businesses that Receive Federal Funds Must Undergo Drug Testing
According to the Federal Drug-Free Workplace Act, businesses with over $100,000 in federal contracts must test all employees for drug use. This also includes businesses that receive federal grants.
Mid-Size Brands must Offer Employment Prior to Drug Tests
If you have more than fifteen employees in the workplace, you must follow the Americans with Disabilities Act that declares it illegal to test a job applicant without making the condition of an employment offer at their business. This means that it is approved to test applicants. However, you can only test candidates who have an offer to work at your business.
Consider the State-Specified Laws
Each state has their own set of rules in regards to drug testing in the workplace. For example, Virginia and Illinois do not require job applicants to pay for the test themselves as the company must cover the expense. You can check the U.S. Department of Labor, to determine what each state allows in their drug-free program in the workplace. Participants in Tennessee are protected from lawsuits that surround the discipline of an employee who violates the policy.
Be Honest with the Testing Policy
Never try to get a specimen sample from any employee or potential applicant without their knowledge or consent. Not only will this break the law, but also put the company at risk of a lawsuit.
Furthermore, drug testing may be done when an employee is involved in an accident in the workplace or suffers from an injury. Companies will need to have a written drug policy that discusses the procedure of the test.
These days, the use of supplements with anabolic steroids for fitness is popular among all ages. Bodybuilders and athletes who are taking these products are concerned about the steroids appearing in drug test results. Now, the question is that whether they will show up in drug tests or not. The quick answer: it depends on the type of drug testing you undergo.
If you are taking steroids and will undergo a drug test, is there a reason to worry? Below is a discussion of the things you need to know about steroids and drug tests before you have yourself tested.
Drug testing for employment purposes
Whether you take steroids or not, here is good news: there is nothing to worry about when you are drug testing to seek employment. Employers require job candidates to undergo a drug test to ensure that they will be hiring people who are not using illegal drugs like cocaine, opiates, amphetamines, and heroin. These illegal drugs are detected through various tests, including urine testing, blood testing, hair follicle tests, and saliva testing. None of these drug testing methods are designed to look for the presence of steroids in your system.
Besides, employers are concerned only with illegal substance use, not actually with steroids and other hormone-based substances that are made to boost bodily performance.
Thus, you should not fret about whether the drug testing will yield positive or negative results.
What to do before undergoing drug testing
To allay your fears about your drug test results, it is recommended that you notify the test administrator that you are taking a product that contains steroids or any prescription medicines that might give out false positive results for certain drugs such as amphetamines.
Anabolic steroid testing: what is it?
There will be times when you are going to be required to take an anabolic steroid testing, like when you are competing in a sports event. The prevailing perception in the sports community is that steroid provides an unfair advantage to athletes taking them for improving their muscle mass, stamina, and overall performance.
Steroids, in general, do not affect the brain the way illegal substances do. But steroid abuse and addiction may cause serious health issues. This is what anabolic steroid testing seeks to do: to detect any abuse involving the use of this performance-enhancing drug.
However, you have nothing to worry about if you are taking 100% legal anabolic steroids, as long as you obtain it through a prescription and you are not abusing its use. This just makes sense because if you get a doctor’s nod, it just means taking anabolic steroids is safe for you.
The most commonly used methods to detect anabolic steroids in the body are hair follicle tests and urine testing. These steroid drug tests can detect high levels of steroid metabolites and testosterones in one’s system after taking steroids within 2 weeks to 1 month.
If you need to have yourself tested for steroids, you can use steroid drug testing kits that can be conveniently used in your home or office.
Aside from major cases of surrogacy, the issue is not the same with the father that makes many families resort to DNA paternity tests. An estimate of 15% of children has been said to identify the wrong man as their father. However, many people would argue that a man does not have to be the biological father to be considered as “dad.”
What exactly is a paternity testing?
This procedure is used to identify the biological relationship between man and child. The method is performed using a cotton swab as a painless way to collect a DNA sample. As all human beings have a high level of similarities in their genetic codes, the codes between a father and child is proven to be close.
DNA paternity testing will compare the markers and regions that vary between individuals. This can determine how closely two humans are related by how similar the genetic codes can relate.
What to Consider
The main thing to consider before you take the paternity test is to determine what is best for the child at hand. Consider how the results may affect the family relationships. If the child is older, they might have already developed a close friendship with the man that has been displayed as their father.
If the test is not court-ordered, consider the issues surrounding the consent for a paternity test. Individuals must provide consent for their DNA sample to be tested. If the child is under the age of 16, they must be given consent by someone responsible on their behalf.
Different Type of Paternity Tests
There are two methods of tests available. You can undergo the legal paternity test or the home paternity test.
The home test is used for personal reasons in privacy as the samples are taken by the individuals in their home with the results being sent back to them. While home tests are verified by the government accredited body, there is no independent witness; therefore the results cannot be used in court.
The legal DNA test is used for a court order to help determine the appropriate support and custody hearing. The DNA paternity test is sent to the registered nurse or Doctor who will collect the sample and check for a valid ID and two passport photos. The physician will secure the tested samples and results will be used in court.
What Happens in the Results?
The conclusion of the paternity test will be placed into two categories. The man is either removed as the biological father because they are not biologically related, or the man is not considered as the child’s biological father.
The test is highly reliable at 99.9999% as the test does not analyze the entire system of the Human Genome. If the procedure did, it would be both costly and time-consuming.
The results of the DNA paternity test can be an earth-shattering event for the parties involved. Be sure to give it a great deal of consideration before the test is needed to be used.
Cocaine is an illegal and very addictive drug. People take cocaine as it’s a very strong stimulant; it boosts your mood, gives you a ‘high feeling’, relieves stress, etc. However, these ‘good feelings’ last for a very short time. Cocaine has both short term and long term health effects. Here are the major health effects caused by the use of cocaine.
Right after all those good feelings you get by taking cocaine, you will feel depressed. Restlessness, paranoia, etc. are experienced due to increased exposure to cocaine.
2. Loss of senses
If cocaine is taken regularly, you can lose your sense of smell. You will find it hard to swallow and feel irritation in the nasal area.
3. Cause damage to lungs and other organs
If you smoke crack cocaine, it will damage your lungs. You can have severe asthma also. It can also affect your gastrointestinal tract and cardiovascular system as well. People who take cocaine have higher risks of stroke.
4. Can cause HIV
Frequent use of cocaine can increase your chance of having HIV infection. It also replicates the HIV virus. Symptoms of NeuroAIDS are seen on frequent cocaine users. These include movement problems, memory loss, vision impairment, etc.
5. Cause severe brain damage
Frequent cocaine users cannot often lose touch with reality. They experience auditory hallucinations. They slowly lose the ability to make sound decisions in their lives.
When people become addicted to cocaine, they get involved in various illegal or anti-social activities to fulfill their urge for the drug. They often trade sex for cocaine or share needles with others. So, the chances of getting infected by diseases like HIV increases. Cocaine destroys life. Parents and friends of a cocaine addict must help the addicted person to get out of this terrible addiction.
Millions of people around the world have to undergo drug testing every year. Most people have some misconceptions about drug testing. Here are the common myths about drug testing that you must be aware of.
1. Drinking lots of water makes it hard to detect the presence of drug
When you drink lots of water, it dilutes your urine. It also dilutes the levels of creatinine. However, employers and the authorities are aware of this; so, when they find diluted levels of creatinine in the urine, they go for more extensive testing for a drug.
2. Vigorous exercise before drug testing won’t be able to determine drug presence
Exercise, heavy diet and detox can help to pass the drug test if you can follow this routine for several weeks before the test. But in the case of surprise drug tests, it won’t work.
3. Some homemade remedies can help you pass the drug test
You might find various home made remedies on the Internet to help you pass the drug test. These include cranberry juice, jello, some vitamins, etc. But this is not true.
4. Urine tests are the only tests used in determining presence of drug
Urine test is the most common form of drug testing. But it doesn’t mean that it is the only test used. There are saliva test, hair test, blood test and even perspiration test. Hair tests are very effective as they can test the presence of drug back to 90 days. This test is hard to cheat.
Many employees have to go through drug testing before joining a company. Depending on false information can affect their job and even personal lives. So, knowing the right information about drug testing is very important.
Drug testing before and during employment has become very common today. Throughout the years, drug testing technology has improved. Now the testing results can be accurately interpreted. Here are the best methods of drug testing available today.
Urine drug testing
It is the most common form of drug testing. Analytical methods like immunoassays, gas spectrometry, mass spectrometry and thin layer chromatography are used. These are very simple techniques of drug testing. However, it is difficult to find out the levels of drug that are present in the urine. For certain drugs, you may also get false results.
It is a very popular type of drug testing. It can get accurate results if you have used drug very recently. For example, it can detect drugs that you have taken a few hours ago.
When drug metabolites get inside the scalp’s blood vessels, they get filtered by the hair and remains there. So, if you test hair, you can find the presence of the drug. However, this type of drug testing cannot determine the recent use of the drug. It takes a long time to do the test and it is expensive as well. So, most employers don’t prefer this method of drug testing.
It is a very invasive and expensive method of drug testing. It can detect the presence of drugs very accurately. You can determine the level of drug as well. But this type of testing is used less often because of the expense.
It is a new form of drug testing. A sweat patch is used to do the test that needs to be affixed to the skin for 14 days. This type of drug testing is often used when employees are on probation.
All these tests are done in the workplace to test whether employees have taken drug or not. These tests can determine the presence of illegal drugs like marijuana, cocaine, opiates, PCP, and others.