Reason Women Are More Susceptible to Cocaine Addiction Than Men

Addiction is an incapacitating neuro-psychiatric condition where an individual drifts toward high levels of medication usage, prioritizes drug-seeking behavior along with other activities and vacillates between abstinence and relapse. The issue of addiction can happen in anybody no matter variables such as age, social standing, religion, type of personality, etc..

However, sex differences may play an essential part in fastening the development of addiction. In comparison to men, women are found to be vulnerable to drug addiction, particularly cocaine. Since cocaine has the potential to aggravate additional energy and alertness, it’s extensively used by women to finish work by remaining alert. What’s more, it is now a simple way to escape from psychological or mental health issues.

The most clinical study carried out about addiction or other areas of interest were male-dominated. Clinicians and scientists of yesteryears prevented such as female issues in studies due to the belief that their hormonal cycle has been too much of a factor to achieve conclusive results. Because of the reason mentioned above, the addition of women participants becomes a significant barrier to comprehend the method by which the increase of addiction subtly differs because of biological changes.

The inclusion of women in clinical trials is a little brand new development. But, it has resulted in the development of improved medication, improved intervention strategies, and enhanced understanding of how an addiction advances among men and women. This innovative change from the process of studies has resulted in a better knowledge of the principles of addiction.

One of these studies discussed below emphasizes the essential reasons behind the growth in the prevalence of cocaine in women. This sex-specific research on cocaine benefit printed in the journal Nature Communications clarifies the facts and statistics related to the problem in detail.

Hormonal activities change addiction in women

The analysis, conducted by the researchers from Mount Sinai Hospital and headed by Dr. Erin Calipari, discovered that hormonal changes clarify the development of addiction among women using cocaine in the rates quicker than men.

The analysis also emphasizes that women are very likely to begin using cocaine in old age and more copious amounts than men. Last, the research proves that women are more likely to have trouble in preventing cocaine compared to men.

The researchers used mice to spell out the gap in the expression of cocaine usage between men and women. Considering both dopamine pathways and drug responses in mice are similar to that of people, these mice were examined throughout various phases of their reproductive cycles.

The researchers discovered that menstrual cycles in mice might significantly impact the effect of cocaine. After the hormone levels of female mice reduce, they tend to mimic male mice. But when the estrogen levels are high in female athletes, they see a pronounced increase in the rewarding effects of cocaine.

The female mice cocaine not only demonstrated that dopamine activities are influenced but also displayed these activities lingered from the female brains compared to male. The analysis also discovered that environment plays a substantial part that contrasts between female and male mice. The researchers emphasized that female athletes are more inclined to prefer areas closely linked to the origin of cocaine, which isn’t too notable among mice.

What Exactly Does it Imply?

The findings of this study clarify humans also exhibit particular environments to complement their medical expertise. Additionally, it highlights that environmental cues function as a powerful trigger from the relapse procedure. As female subjects have been found to react to environmental cues and displayed the preference for areas that administered cocaine over men, treatment providers may use this information to fantastic effect while catering to female and male patients.

As an example, a cultural intervention which works for one sex might not always guarantee the very same results for the other sex. Likewise, it’s also important to tackle the dilemma of environmental triggers which are among the significant contributors to relapse. Additionally, treatment providers need to take into consideration the cyclic pattern of hormonal changes in women and the way daily changes of hormones may influence the efficacy of specific treatment versions.

The study has its constraints. The female subjects taken from the experiment experienced shaky hormonal activities at the time of this analysis that influenced the assortment of the findings. Considering that the research prioritized cocaine usage connected to estrogen in women, there’s a need to conduct additional research to comprehend if you can find different elements that dictate responses to cocaine compared to estrogen levels.

Path to recovery

Cocaine addiction is a drug catastrophe among men and women all over the world. On the other hand, the danger of seeing harmful health complications is higher for women. With the widening of this gap concerning cocaine use between women and men, it will become crucial to recognize the risk factors. It’s also vital to ensure adequate treatment to ensure early recovery.

How Vital is Urine Drug Test Analysis?

Drug TestCountries all over the world try to build a nation which is drug free because we already know that people who are under the influence of illegal drugs can do horrible things beyond imagination. A large number of crimes are associated with the use of these substances which alter the human’s state of mind.

It gives them temporary euphoria (feeling of well-being) and when the effect wears off, abusers tend to have some more of it resulting to more crimes being committed because illegal drugs are known to be expensive. Campaigns in fighting illegal drug use are being reinforced by the government and were made punishable by law.

If a citizen has been caught literally selling or using illegal drugs, there is an ample repercussion for such. There are also methods to check if a person is using having illegal drug use and that is by way of doing urine drug test.

Urine drug test is a screening that facilitates collection of urine from a person so as to determine illicit illegal substance use, addiction or misuse. These tests detect the presence of drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, opiates, methamphetamine, amphetamines, PCP, benzodiazepine, barbiturates, methadone, tricyclic antidepressants, ecstasy, and oxycodone. Why urine drug test is vital?

In the pursuit of having a drug free community, the police use urine drug test as one of the guiding tools in resolving a particular crime. If illegal drugs are involved then this test should be performed among the perpetrators. This will also lead the authorities to figure out where the supply of these prohibited substances comes from.

A positive urine drug test will suggest that illegal drugs are still present in the society and a thorough investigation can be performed among the drug users to extract vital information leading the police to the syndicates who supply the sellers with these types of drugs.

Aside from the fact that urine drug testing is a tool to address crime issues, it also plays a vital role in companies that hire people to work for them. The 2013 Employment Screening Benchmarking Report concluded that drug testing is becoming more critical for the hiring process year after year.

Nowadays, employers reinforce a drug free work place among all employees whether they are job candidates or current employees. 95 percent of these screening methods fall in the usage of urine drug test. Companies believe that a work place drug use and abuse will have major consequences in the business. It can contribute to work related fatalities.

For example, an ambulance driver should not engage in illegal drugs as his job requires a sound state of mind where his attentive skills in driving are needed. If those skills are compromised by the drug use, the ambulance driver and other medical practitioners in the ambulance can be candidates for work related injuries or worse, death. This is one of the reasons why 90 percent of companies have drug free policies in the work place.

It might not be common information among others that urine drug test is used in the management of chronic pain. Opioids or Opiates are analgesic agents that have been chosen to be the best drug of choice in the management of pain because of their potency. Usage of these analgesics became common in the recent years as proper alleviation of pain is added to the standards of care a health institution must adhere to.

In some states, it is a law to provide adequate pain relief among patients who are in pain. However, this potent analgesia is one of those substances that are liable to cause misuse, abuse, addiction and diversion. Urine drug testing combined with other methods are being considered to be a tool in the diagnostic and prevention of any drug abuse among patients. It will measure if the patient is receiving the right amount of dosage required for his or her pain condition.

Overall, promoting the usage of urine drug testing both in medical and non-medical sectors are imperative for maintaining the general public health. It has the potential to reinforce a drug free society by discouraging illicit drug use through early identification of drug abuse and disorders and also, such screenings facilitates opportunities for proper therapeutic interventions.

It might have been a long and endless battle when it comes to the issue of controlling the illicit usage of drugs that pose danger in every society. But authorities and the people concerned will never get tired of innovating tools like urine drug testing just to help diagnose and prevent any drug abuse may it be by illicit drug usage or therapeutic management interventions.

Is Drug Testing Neccessary For Golfers

Reasons Why Testing For Drugs Is Not Important To Golfers As Other Players

Golf Sport Drug TestingIt goes without doubt that modern sports provide avenues for athletes to amass tremendous amount of wealth. With such colossal amount of money and fame at stake, there is a possibility that anyone would be tempted to cross the line and as such necessary for the implementation of stringent anti-doping procedures.

Golfers, like other athletes, therefore should be subjected to such scrutiny. However, there is a question of the impact of drug testing on golfers. Is it even necessary? And if so, what are the implications on the performance of the golfers?

These are the fundamental questions that the Professional Golfers Association (PGA) are trying to unearth. This paper will highlight some of the reasons why drug testing is not important to golfers.

 

Golf Requires Skills Not Energy-

The Professional Golfers Association Tour book prohibits the use of recreational drugs and alcohol. Alcohol is considered because of its influence on the players’ conduct. The tenets of golf are not about the power but rather feel and touch.

This implies that the nature of the sport does not necessitate energy but rather skill and judgment. Retief Gossen, the US Open champion, said “I don’t know if somebody took steroids how that would affect the game. I don’t think golf is that much a power sport as it is in other sports, like athletics or things like that, where there is such a small margin between the athletes.”

The nature of the sport itself discourages the use of enhancement drugs thereby limiting the need for drug testing on golfers.

 

Golf Is Honorary Not Materialistic-

As opposed to other sports, Golf is founded on honor rather than material gains. Anything honorable should, therefore, be conducted with integrity and sanity. Golfers are unlikely to be persuaded to use drugs hence there is no need to waste time and resources looking for such drugs by administering drug tests to the athletes.

The pressures of ensuring that athletes remain true and clean should not be a reason to blindly subject golfers to drug tests. PGA Tour commissioner Tim Finchem supports this position by saying, “”Some say we ought to test for drugs because all sports test and you want to know you’re clean, in a vacuum, I see how you can make that argument. But honestly … I don’t know what we’d be testing for”.

Therefore, drug testing should only be administered where necessary rather than as ritual or coronation. Due to the honor accorded to the game, it is upon individual players to maintain higher levels of integrity in the sport since there exists no honor in cheating.

In conclusion, Golf is a sport that is built upon a culture of strict adherence to existing rules. It is a culture that has been nurtured for many years and has served the game well. Drug testing, therefore, would be an insult to the sort of cultural value system. These values make golfers less prone to temptations of drug abuse as compared to other sports. All these factors challenge the concept of subjecting golfers to drug tests thus making the process unnecessary.

 

Athletes and Steroids: Their Lies And Deceptions

athletes and steroids“I take complete responsibility for taking an Over-the-counter supplement that’s banned by the NCAA,” Robertson said in a statement published Monday. “I’m paying a heavy price for an awful choice, as I shall never again wear an Iowa State uniform. I hope that my case will act as a warning to other people considering the use of dietary supplements.”

Athletes are lying to us. They’re insincere, and we all believe their deceptions. Well, the majority of us do.

You see, lots of Athletes that test positive for banned substances are blaming dietary supplements because of the cause of the positive test. Lets quickly go through the above statement and see if his action is by sheer ignorance or it was a conscious made action

Statements like these are also causing an unnecessary panic on the general public about dietary supplements. Back to Mr. Robertson’s quotation, we especially observe the expression “dietary supplements.”

A nutritional supplement is a comprehensive term, and it means tens of thousands of different kinds of products. There’s but one sort of dietary supplement which can cause a positive effect on steroid evaluations. These nutritional supplements are known as pro-hormones. Can a pro-hormone cause Mr. Robertson’s positive outcome? Maybe yes, maybe no…

Pro-hormones are Utilized to raise your body’s testosterone Levels, just such as steroids, but in a much lower impact. Any athlete that chooses a pro-hormone understands what it will. They are aware that pro-hormones are designed to elevate testosterone resulting in more extended muscle mass and more exceptional athletic performance.

In addition to this, pro-hormones say directly on the bottle something to this fact “Professional and amateur athletes subject to performance enhancing substance testing should consult with their sanctioning body prior to using this product since utilization of these might cause a reactive drug test.” Pretty clear is not it? You cannot tell me this Mr. Robertson cannot read,

Blaming a positive test on one of those products might be authentic because they could cause a positive about a steroid test. But it would also be somewhat simple to attribute a positive test on a nutritional supplement whenever the athlete has been using a steroid. Considering that the real dietary supplements are seldom made public, it’s not difficult to attribute a positive test to a nutritional supplement.

It does not create a difference because a positive test will be a Positive test, correct? Wrong. From these athletes blaming their positive test on dietary supplements instead of steroids, they’re in consequence “passing the buck” This is, they’re claiming ignorance, rather than accepting responsibility, and they’re damaging the entire multi-million dollar dietary supplement industry in the procedure.

This isn’t fine, but not just because it creates false beliefs among the general public about nutritional supplements, but also because it provides the federal government an excuse to limit further what you may purchase without a prescription.

Do you want to have to visit your doctor to find a Prescription to get a multi-vitamin? Imagine if you wished to purchase a protein supplement? Would you like to have to visit your physician for it? I didn’t believe so. Really, even much care must be observed before taking so-called safe alternative body building and fitness supplements. These athletes and their associations are becoming extremely irresponsible by using broad terms such as dietary supplements if describing positive drug tests.

The NCAA and other governing organizations ought to be pressured to reveal what specific substance that these athletes are analyzing positive. By not doing this these associations are allowing athletes to save face at the expense of a whole multi-billion buck industry.

By forcing the NCAA and other governing bodies to identify the particular substance that has been tested positive for they’d eliminate all confusion about what exactly is and isn’t the cause of positive tests.

Either that or governing bodies such as the NCAA and the media ought to be educated in the proper terminology of this dietary supplement industry. Painting reactive evaluations together with the word “dietary supplements” is inaccurate, unfair and irresponsible.

There has to Be some accountability among athletes to get their positive tests. People who test positive shouldn’t be allowed to pass on the blame on the dietary supplement industry. These athletes must be revealed for what they did. Can they choose a prohormone because they were too stupid to see the label?

Or did they simply take steroids? Recognizing that when they had been caught they might claim ignorance and attribute “tainted” nutritional supplements. We’ll never understand until the governing bodies begin naming particular substances accountable for positive tests. Get my 3 day military diet substitutions guide

5 Things You Should Understand About Drug Testing in the Workplace

Companies across the nation are aware of how important a pre-employment examination for drug testing is. The procedure is to ensure that new hires are not using illegal drugs, especially in the workplace.

There are various drug tests that are utilized by employers, such as a mouth swab drug test, urine drug test, hair drug test, and a blood drug test. These types of tests will vary as each employer chooses a particular test based on their needs in the workplace.

Whether you are a small business or large, it is important to set up an employee drug-testing policy. According to the National Drug-Free Workplace Alliance, small businesses are at greater risk of substance users as drug users don’t apply for work at large brands.

Instead, drug abusers look for employment in smaller companies with fewer resources and policies. If you are considering drug tests in your workplace, there are a few things you should know.

Here are 5 things you should understand about drug testing in the workplace.

Test One, Test All

While the law does not specifically say that drug tests must test their employees, you may put your business at risk of anti-discrimination if you don’t. If you test only employees that are suspected of drug use, one might assume that the process is singling out people based on levels of race, income, gender, etc.

Businesses that Receive Federal Funds Must Undergo Drug Testing

According to the Federal Drug-Free Workplace Act, businesses with over $100,000 in federal contracts must test all employees for drug use. This also includes businesses that receive federal grants.

Mid-Size Brands must Offer Employment Prior to Drug Tests

If you have more than fifteen employees in the workplace, you must follow the Americans with Disabilities Act that declares it illegal to test a job applicant without making the condition of an employment offer at their business. This means that it is approved to test applicants. However, you can only test candidates who have an offer to work at your business.

Consider the State-Specified Laws

Each state has their own set of rules in regards to drug testing in the workplace. For example, Virginia and Illinois do not require job applicants to pay for the test themselves as the company must cover the expense. You can check the U.S. Department of Labor, to determine what each state allows in their drug-free program in the workplace. Participants in Tennessee are protected from lawsuits that surround the discipline of an employee who violates the policy.

Be Honest with the Testing Policy

Never try to get a specimen sample from any employee or potential applicant without their knowledge or consent. Not only will this break the law, but also put the company at risk of a lawsuit.

Conclusion

Furthermore, drug testing may be done when an employee is involved in an accident in the workplace or suffers from an injury. Companies will need to have a written drug policy that discusses the procedure of the test.

Golf Sport Drug Testing

Steroids and Drug Tests: What You Need to Know

These days, the use of supplements with anabolic steroids for fitness is popular among all ages. Bodybuilders and athletes who are taking these products are concerned about the steroids appearing in drug test results. Now, the question is that whether they will show up in drug tests or not. The quick answer: it depends on the type of drug testing you undergo.

If you are taking steroids and will undergo a drug test, is there a reason to worry? Below is a discussion of the things you need to know about steroids and drug tests before you have yourself tested.

Drug testing for employment purposes

Whether you take steroids or not, here is good news: there is nothing to worry about when you are drug testing to seek employment. Employers require job candidates to undergo a drug test to ensure that they will be hiring people who are not using illegal drugs like cocaine, opiates, amphetamines, and heroin. These illegal drugs are detected through various tests, including urine testing, blood testing, hair follicle tests, and saliva testing. None of these drug testing methods are designed to look for the presence of steroids in your system.

Besides, employers are concerned only with illegal substance use, not actually with steroids and other hormone-based substances that are made to boost bodily performance.

Thus, you should not fret about whether the drug testing will yield positive or negative results.

What to do before undergoing drug testing

To allay your fears about your drug test results, it is recommended that you notify the test administrator that you are taking a product that contains steroids or any prescription medicines that might give out false positive results for certain drugs such as amphetamines.

Anabolic steroid testing: what is it?

There will be times when you are going to be required to take an anabolic steroid testing, like when you are competing in a sports event. The prevailing perception in the sports community is that steroid provides an unfair advantage to athletes taking them for improving their muscle mass, stamina, and overall performance.

Steroids, in general, do not affect the brain the way illegal substances do. But steroid abuse and addiction may cause serious health issues. This is what anabolic steroid testing seeks to do: to detect any abuse involving the use of this performance-enhancing drug.

However, you have nothing to worry about if you are taking 100% legal anabolic steroids, as long as you obtain it through a prescription and you are not abusing its use. This just makes sense because if you get a doctor’s nod, it just means taking anabolic steroids is safe for you.

The most commonly used methods to detect anabolic steroids in the body are hair follicle tests and urine testing. These steroid drug tests can detect high levels of steroid metabolites and testosterones in one’s system after taking steroids within 2 weeks to 1 month.

If you need to have yourself tested for steroids, you can use steroid drug testing kits that can be conveniently used in your home or office.

4 common myths about drug testing you should know about

Millions of people around the world have to undergo drug testing every year. Most people have some misconceptions about drug testing. Here are the common myths about drug testing that you must be aware of.

1. Drinking lots of water makes it hard to detect the presence of drug

When you drink lots of water, it dilutes your urine. It also dilutes the levels of creatinine. However, employers and the authorities are aware of this; so, when they find diluted levels of creatinine in the urine, they go for more extensive testing for a drug.

2. Vigorous exercise before drug testing won’t be able to determine drug presence

Exercise, heavy diet and detox can help to pass the drug test if you can follow this routine for several weeks before the test. But in the case of surprise drug tests, it won’t work.

3. Some homemade remedies can help you pass the drug test

You might find various home made remedies on the Internet to help you pass the drug test. These include cranberry juice, jello, some vitamins, etc. But this is not true.

4. Urine tests are the only tests used in determining presence of drug

Urine test is the most common form of drug testing. But it doesn’t mean that it is the only test used. There are saliva test, hair test, blood test and even perspiration test. Hair tests are very effective as they can test the presence of drug back to 90 days. This test is hard to cheat.

Many employees have to go through drug testing before joining a company. Depending on false information can affect their job and even personal lives. So, knowing the right information about drug testing is very important.

5 methods of drug testing that employers use today

Drug testing before and during employment has become very common today. Throughout the years, drug testing technology has improved. Now the testing results can be accurately interpreted. Here are the best methods of drug testing available today.

Urine drug testing

It is the most common form of drug testing. Analytical methods like immunoassays, gas spectrometry, mass spectrometry and thin layer chromatography are used. These are very simple techniques of drug testing. However, it is difficult to find out the levels of drug that are present in the urine. For certain drugs, you may also get false results.

Saliva testing

It is a very popular type of drug testing. It can get accurate results if you have used drug very recently. For example, it can detect drugs that you have taken a few hours ago.

Hair testing

When drug metabolites get inside the scalp’s blood vessels, they get filtered by the hair and remains there. So, if you test hair, you can find the presence of the drug. However, this type of drug testing cannot determine the recent use of the drug. It takes a long time to do the test and it is expensive as well. So, most employers don’t prefer this method of drug testing.

Blood testing

It is a very invasive and expensive method of drug testing. It can detect the presence of drugs very accurately. You can determine the level of drug as well. But this type of testing is used less often because of the expense.

Perspiration testing

It is a new form of drug testing. A sweat patch is used to do the test that needs to be affixed to the skin for 14 days. This type of drug testing is often used when employees are on probation.

All these tests are done in the workplace to test whether employees have taken drug or not. These tests can determine the presence of illegal drugs like marijuana, cocaine, opiates, PCP, and others.

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